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Category: Respirology

Acid base tutorial

This tutorial helps you uncover acid base disorders that you may see in your patients. These are metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, and…

The definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined and diagnosed by the following criteria, which has been promulgated or endorsed by the European…

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy explained

Introduction Hyperbaric oxygen therapy involves the use of hyperbaric chambers, large cylindrical structures made of steel that can be pressurized…

Common ventilator settings used in the ICU

These are the most commonly used ventilator modes or settings that you may encounter in the intensive care unit. Assist…

Signs of acute congestive heart failure on chest x-ray and clinical examination

Here are the most telling signs of acute congestive heart failure on chest x-ray and clinical examination. Chest x-ray Pulmonary venous…

Lung cancer in a nutshell

Here is a summary of the risk factors, subtypes, staging, and treatment of lung cancer. Suffice to say, there are…

Treatment duration of pulmonary tuberculosis

Disclaimer: tuberculosis is actually a very complicated disease to treat. If patient care decision making is involved, you should consult the ISDA…

Adverse reactions to IVIG infusion

Adverse reactions are seen in up to 20% of patients who receive IVIG. These include: Phlogistic Chills Fever Nausea Vomiting…

Lung diseases that are associated with smoking

The following lung diseases are either caused by smoking, or associated with smoking: Lung cancer Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)…

Pressors and inotropes in critical care

Inotropic agents Norepinephrine Brand names: Levophed Usual dose: 0 to 50 mcg/min IV (adults). Doses larger than 50 mcg/min can be given…

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