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Category: Oncology

The definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined and diagnosed by the following criteria, which has been promulgated or endorsed by the European…

Diagnostic criteria for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)

Patients who exhibit five or more of the following findings meet the diagnostic criteria for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Clinical findings Fever ≥…

Causes of high ferritin

Here are the differential diagnosis and aetiologies of hyperferritinemia (high ferritin). In the acute setting, infection and malignancy are by…

Lung cancer in a nutshell

Here is a summary of the risk factors, subtypes, staging, and treatment of lung cancer. Suffice to say, there are…

Adverse reactions to IVIG infusion

Adverse reactions are seen in up to 20% of patients who receive IVIG. These include: Phlogistic Chills Fever Nausea Vomiting…

The ECOG performance status

The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status is a powerful and succinct method of classifying the condition of a patient…

Indications for irradiated blood products

Hematology and oncology Leukemia Lymphoma Multiple myeloma Aplastic anemia Pancytopenia Amyloidosis Fludarabine treatment Chronic GVHD (graft versus host disease) Transplant…

The physiology of pulsus paradoxus

Definition of pulsus paradoxus A drop in systolic blood pressure (BP) of greater than 10 mmHg during inspiration Causes of…

High risk features in colon cancer

In stage 2 colon cancer, and especially in stage 2a colon cancer, there are several high risk features that—if present—would support…

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