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Category: Critical care

Pressors and inotropes in critical care

Inotropic agents Norepinephrine Brand names: Levophed Usual dose: 0 to 50 mcg/min IV (adults). Doses larger than 50 mcg/min can be given…

Causes of shock

The causes of shock can be summed up with the SHOCKED mnemonic: Septic Hypovolemic Obstructive Cardiogenic Kinds that are rare Endocrinological…

Indications for valve replacement surgery in infective endocarditis (IE)

Left-sided native valve infective endocarditis Patients with infective endocarditis (IE) that affects the native mitral or aortic valve who meet any…

The diagnostic criteria of NSTEMI

An NSTEMI can be diagnosed when the following critera are met: Rise in serum troponin Presence of angina or angina…

Indications for dialysis in ASA overdose

In the case of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA or Aspirin) overdose, dialysis should be strongly considered under the following circumstances: Neurological…

Definition of SIRS criteria

Patient fulfills the criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) if they exhibit 2 or more of the following criteria:…

The diagnostic criteria of STEMI

Diagnostic criteria A STEMI can be diagnosed if there is angina or troponin rise with: ST elevation in 2 or…

Types of central venous and dialysis catheters

Central venous catheters (CVCs) Central venous catheters are typically inserted at the neck (right or left interior jugular vein), upper…

The Hs and Ts

During a cardiac arrest, this mnemonic helps you think through potential etiologies. In some cases, unless the underlying cause of the cardiac…

Assessment of volume status with ultrasound

To assess a patient’s intravascular volume status with ultrasound, use a cardiac probe with depth set to at least 18…

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