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Category: Cardiac surgery

The definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined and diagnosed by the following criteria, which has been promulgated or endorsed by the European…

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy explained

Introduction Hyperbaric oxygen therapy involves the use of hyperbaric chambers, large cylindrical structures made of steel that can be pressurized…

Common ventilator settings used in the ICU

These are the most commonly used ventilator modes or settings that you may encounter in the intensive care unit. Assist…

Signs of acute congestive heart failure on chest x-ray and clinical examination

Here are the most telling signs of acute congestive heart failure on chest x-ray and clinical examination. Chest x-ray Pulmonary venous…

Severity grading of aortic stenosis

The severity grading of aortic stenosis is determined with echocardiography. While the aortic valve area is a prominent indicator of aortic…

Indications for surgery in aortic stenosis

Valve replacement surgery should be strongly considered for patients with aortic stenosis who meet any one of the following criteria:…

Acute mechanical complications of myocardial infarctions (MIs)

The acute mechanical complications of myocardial infarctions (MIs), whether they’d be NSTEMIs or STEMIs, include: Right ventricle infarction Cardiac tamponade Free wall…

Likelihood of infective endocarditis if the transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is negative

What is the likelihood that a patient actually has infective endocarditis if their transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is negative? According to…

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