Non-modifiable risk factors

  • Age
  • Male
  • Genetics
  • Ethnicity (Indian, East Indian)
  • Family history (1º male < 55, 1º female < 65)

Modifiable risk factors (medical)

  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Dyslipidemia

Modifiable risk factors (lifestyle)

  • Smoking (RR 2.0 to 8.0, second-hand RR 1.2)
  • Excess weight (obesity)
  • Elevated abdominal girth
  • Excess alcohol use
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Psychosocial