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Author: Dimas Yusuf

Treatment duration of pulmonary tuberculosis

Disclaimer: tuberculosis is actually a very complicated disease to treat. If patient care decision making is involved, you should consult the ISDA…

Sensitivity and specificity of various imaging modalities in detecting osteomyelitis

Several modalities including plain x-ray radiography, ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), white blood cell (WBC) scans, bone scintigraphy, and magnetic resonance…

Indications for surgery in aortic stenosis

Valve replacement surgery should be strongly considered for patients with aortic stenosis who meet any one of the following criteria:…

Adverse reactions to IVIG infusion

Adverse reactions are seen in up to 20% of patients who receive IVIG. These include: Phlogistic Chills Fever Nausea Vomiting…

Criteria for orthostatic hypotension

Criteria for orthostatic hypotension (patient must fulfill at least one criteria): 30 BPM drop in heart rate 20 mmHg drop…

Lung diseases that are associated with smoking

The following lung diseases are either caused by smoking, or associated with smoking: Lung cancer Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)…

Causes of diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus, at its core, is a problem of insulin deficiency. Many aetiologies, from genetic, to autoimmune, to drugs and infections, can…

Cardiac risk factors

Non-modifiable risk factors Age Male Genetics Ethnicity (Indian, East Indian) Family history (1º male < 55, 1º female < 65)…

Acute mechanical complications of myocardial infarctions (MIs)

The acute mechanical complications of myocardial infarctions (MIs), whether they’d be NSTEMIs or STEMIs, include: Right ventricle infarction Cardiac tamponade Free wall…

Interpretation of urine sodium

The normal range for urine sodium is about 40 to 220 mmol/L. A low urine sodium is anything less than…

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